Sep 27, 2022
PHB 101 - Clinical Phlebotomy
4 Lecture Hours 3 Lab Hours
Prerequisites: Application and acceptance into the Phlebotomist Program
Co-requisites: PHB 211
This course provides students with the knowledge, skills and behaviors required for competency as a phlebotomist. Areas of concentration include a survey of the anatomy and physiology of veins used for phlebotomy, basic skills and responsibilities of the phlebotomist, analytical tests, color coded vacuum tubes used for specimens, collection of body fluid specimens, the Clinical and Laborartory Standards Institute (CLSI) order of draw, the infection cycle and infection control. Skills obtained in the laboratory include standard precautions, venipuncture techniques, skin puncture techniques and prevention of complications when drawing blood. Additional hours of practice time under direct supervision of an instructor are required. This course requires a per credit health career fee; check the tuition and fee schedule for the current rate.
Upon successful completion of the course, the student will:
- Locate and name the veins commonly used for phlebotomy.
- List the commonly used vacuum collection tubes and the analytical tests associated with each.
- List the CLSI recommended order of draw.
- Explain the correct procedure for collecting and transporting blood and body fluid specimens.
- Identify the analytical laboratory departments and tests performed in each.
- Outline infection control procedures.
- Describe the infection cycle.
- Perform proper skin puncture techniques to obtain blood specimens.
- Perform proper venipuncture techniques to obtain blood specimens.
- Apply techniques to prevent complications in blood collection.
- Demonstrate the ability to handle complications during blood collection.
- Describe standard precautions as established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
- Basic anatomy and physiology of body systems
- Medical terminology to include directional terms, anatomic regions and cavities of the body
- Basic anatomy of the circulatory system
- Blood and body fluid precautions
- Documentation, specimen handling and transportation of specimens
- Blood collection equipment
- Procedures for collecting blood specimens
- Preanalytic complications in blood collection
- Pediatric procedures
- Special collection procedures
- Elderly, home and long-term care collections
- Urinalysis, body fluids and other specimens
- Forensic toxicology, workplace testing, sports medicine and related areas
- Role of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) related to blood and body fluid specimens
- Identification process for inpatients
- Methods of hand hygiene
- Identification of appropriate sites for venipuncture and situations when these sites might not be acceptable
- Process and time limits for applying a tourniquet to a patient’s arm
- Decontamination process and agents used to decontaminate skin for routine blood tests and blood cultures
- Steps of a venipuncture procedure
- “Order of Draw” for collection tubes
- Time specimens
- Fasting and STAT specimens
- Capillary blood specimens
- Procedure for making a blood smear
Textbooks, workbooks, internet sites, etc.
Students who successfully complete this course acquire general knowledge, skills and abilities that align with CCAC’s definition of an educated person. Specifically, this course fulfills these General Education Goals:
Approved By: Dr. Quintin B. Bullock Date Approved: 11/13/2020
- Critical Thinking & Problem Solving
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