Sep 27, 2022  
2021-2022 Catalog 
    
2021-2022 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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PHB 101 - Clinical Phlebotomy


Credits: 5
4 Lecture Hours 3 Lab Hours

Prerequisites: Application and acceptance into the Phlebotomist Program
Co-requisites: PHB 211  

Description
This course provides students with the knowledge, skills and behaviors required for competency as a phlebotomist. Areas of concentration include a survey of the anatomy and physiology of veins used for phlebotomy, basic skills and responsibilities of the phlebotomist, analytical tests, color coded vacuum tubes used for specimens, collection of body fluid specimens, the Clinical and Laborartory Standards Institute (CLSI) order of draw, the infection cycle and infection control. Skills obtained in the laboratory include standard precautions, venipuncture techniques, skin puncture techniques and prevention of complications when drawing blood.  Additional hours of practice time under direct supervision of an instructor are required.  This course requires a per credit health career fee; check the tuition and fee schedule for the current rate.
Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of the course, the student will:

  1. Locate and name the veins commonly used for phlebotomy.
  2. List the commonly used vacuum collection tubes and the analytical tests associated with each.
  3. List the CLSI recommended order of draw.
  4. Explain the correct procedure for collecting and transporting blood and body fluid specimens.
  5. Identify the analytical laboratory departments and tests performed in each.
  6. Outline infection control procedures.
  7. Describe the infection cycle.
  8. Perform proper skin puncture techniques to obtain blood specimens.
  9. Perform proper venipuncture techniques to obtain blood specimens.
  10. Apply techniques to prevent complications in blood collection.
  11. Demonstrate the ability to handle complications during blood collection.
  12. Describe standard precautions as established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
Listed Topics
  1. Basic anatomy and physiology of body systems
  2. Medical terminology to include directional terms, anatomic regions and cavities of the body
  3. Basic anatomy of the circulatory system
  4. Blood and body fluid precautions
  5. Documentation, specimen handling and transportation of specimens
  6. Blood collection equipment
  7. Procedures for collecting blood specimens
  8. Preanalytic complications in blood collection
  9. Pediatric procedures
  10. Special collection procedures
  11. Elderly, home and long-term care collections
  12. Urinalysis, body fluids and other specimens
  13. Forensic toxicology, workplace testing, sports medicine and related areas
  14. Role of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) related to blood and body fluid specimens
  15. Identification process for inpatients
  16. Methods of hand hygiene
  17. Identification of appropriate sites for venipuncture and situations when these sites might not be acceptable
  18. Process and time limits for applying a tourniquet to a patient’s arm
  19. Decontamination process and agents used to decontaminate skin for routine blood tests and blood cultures
  20. Steps of a venipuncture procedure
  21. “Order of Draw” for collection tubes
  22. Time specimens
  23. Fasting and STAT specimens
  24. Capillary blood specimens
  25. Procedure for making a blood smear
Reference Materials
Textbooks, workbooks, internet sites, etc.
Students who successfully complete this course acquire general knowledge, skills and abilities that align with CCAC’s definition of an educated person. Specifically, this course fulfills these General Education Goals:
  • Critical Thinking & Problem Solving
  • Communication
Approved By: Dr. Quintin B. Bullock Date Approved: 11/13/2020


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