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2021-2022 Catalog 
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CJC 102 - Introduction to Corrections

Credits: 3
3 Lecture Hours

This course is designed to provide students with an overview of the U.S. correctional system. The philosophy, ethical dilemmas and methods of imposing sanctions upon offenders in the criminal justice system will be explored in depth. Exploration of the theories and practice in probation, parole, community-based services, jails, prisons and capital punishment will comprise much of the course.
Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of the course, the student will:

  1. Summarize the origins and history of the American system of corrections.
  2. Identify the concepts, functions and changing aspects of corrections.
  3. Identify the various components of the correctional system.
  4. Distinguish among federal, state, county and municipal correctional agencies.
  5. Identify the various participants and their roles within the correctional system.
  6. Summarize the roles of the various levels of government and the various issues that impact the correctional system and society.
  7. Define the role of corrections and its impact on the criminal justice field and society.
  8. Interpret current political, psychological, sociological and economic issues confronting the correctional field.
  9. Differentiate among the different schools of correctional thought.
  10. Analyze the various sentencing alternatives and their impact on society.
  11. Discuss the philosophical arguments about the death penalty.
  12. Describe the major changes in the American corrections during the past few years.
  13. Identify the ways in which social and political forces affect the way organizations respond to a particular segment of the community.
Listed Topics
  1. Historical development of corrections
  2. Theories of punishment
  3. Goals of corrections
  4. Jails, probation, parole, intermediate sanctions and prisons
  5. Challenges relating to carrying out sanctions imposed by the courts
  6. Shortcomings of the U.S. correctional system
  7. Restorative justice and treatment related services
  8. Historical development of alternatives to incarceration
  9. Descriptions of and rationales for diversionary programs
  10. Terms and conditions for alternatives to incarceration
  11. Due process rights of offenders sentenced to community-based programs
  12. Procedures for revocation of community-based sanctions
  13. Rate of recidivism for offenders placed in community-based programs
  14. Roles and expectations of those who monitor offenders in alternative programs
  15. The future of community-based correction
Reference Materials
A contemporary text in the field.
Approved By: Murphy, Michael Date Approved: 01/06/2014

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